Australia, its history and location.

Australia, legally called the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign nation that is one of the property of Oceania. It is the main continental mass that occupies the Sahul platform and is also between the Antartic Indian And Pacific Glaciers Oceans; it is separated from Asia through the oceans of Arafura and Timor. It is bordered by the countries East Timor Papuan New Guinea And Indonesia the northern part, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French dependency of New Caledonia to the northeast, and also New Zealand to the southeast.

So how exactly does the history of Australia start?

Historic past of Australia ( * dates back to when men arrived on its land the first time. Australian aborigines arrived by boat through the southeast of the Eurasian place roughly 60,000 years ago, however, the date is in debate considering that Australian prehistory is considered to be some years more intensive because there are no writings of human events prior to contact with Europeans. And, likewise, about 1,000,000 aborigines currently lived in the area when they colonized it.
It is known that Australia was found in the Sixteenth century by Spanish and Portuguese sailors, however they kept the info secret for strategic reasons. Then, Dutch explorers done the first sighting a hundred years after. However, they deemed it an uninhabitable stretch of land that was not appropriate for colonization and also left free passage to later British expeditions.

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Captain James Cook.

Even though there had been other European incursions before, what exactly is considered as the most complete discovery of Australia was carried out in the 18th century with the English captain James Cook, who arrived in 1770, acquired the place for the British crown and also took possession of the Southeast of the island in the identity of the king of England.
Cook’s breakthroughs and the acceptance of his studies through English government, made possible the very first European settlement on the region, therefore it is common to listen to that Cook is the discoverer of the the southern area of land, although the real discovery took place over 160 years prior to his trip.

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British colonization.

England was especially interested in Australia since they found it as a possible answer to the problem of overpopulation they dealt with during that time because of the loss of the 13 American colonies and it was thought to move a portion of its inhabitants there. For this reason, on March 13, 1787, 11 First Fleet ships left Portsmouth, England, towards Botany Bay, Australia . By doing so, settlers arrived and populated the location whilst displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and also diseases.

It became a Federation.

When the twentieth century arrived, Australia didn’t exist as a nation: it consisted of a conglomerate of autonomous states and colonies. However in 1901, the 6 various state governments decided in a referendum to turn into a federation and they also chose the typical flag that nowadays remains the flag of Australia.
Following the creation of Australia as a country, it was meant to impose a law on immigration control. Nevertheless, when World War II concluded, numerous migrants from different places arrived in the country and, at this time, it is the house of people from several areas of the world.

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